Role of Women in Islam: Breaking the Myths and Misconceptions

Women are highly valued in Islam. Politics, education, and family life are just a few of the societal activities in which they actively participate. They are granted the freedom to pursue education and the right to learn. Muslim women have historically held prominent positions as educators, thinkers, and leaders. They have also had a significant influence on the humanities, sciences, and literature. Women have the right to speak out and take part in politics, and both of these things are appreciated. Women are respected and valued in the family for their roles as spouses, mothers, and employees. This article will discuss the role of women in Islam and debunk some of the myths and misconceptions often associated with it.

Women in Islam: An Overview

Islam accords women’s essential rights and obligations and recognizes their significance. They are considered as being equal in terms of moral obligation and spiritual merit. Islam strongly values education and encourages women to pursue academic interests. Women have the right to own and inherit property, operate their own enterprises, and manage their own finances. In addition, women aggressively exercised their right to select their spouses and opposed being forced into arranged marriages throughout Islamic history. Moreover, Islam actively supports modesty and aggressively urges women to dress modestly, albeit allowing for regional and cultural variances in its interpretation. It is important to know that Islamic teachings support gender equality and provide women the freedom to actively participate in a variety of aspects of life, including family, career, and education, even though there are still some misconceptions about women’s rights in Islam.

Their Rights and Duties Women in Islam:

Islam acknowledges that women have obligations and rights in society. Islam grants women the right to education and mandates that they pursue education. Every Muslim, male or female, must seek knowledge, according to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Al-Tirmidhi cited in Hadith 74.

In Islam, women also have the freedom to work and support themselves. Muhammad (peace be upon him) urged women to get employment and support themselves. “The best of you is the one who provides for himself and his family,” he remarked. (1990, Al-Bukhari, Hadith).

In Islam, women are also permitted to possess property. Permits let women own property and have complete choice over how to dispose of it. In other cultures at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), this right was unheard of.

Misconceptions about Women in Islam:

Despite the fact that it is untrue, there are numerous myths about women in Islam. Islam does not treat women as the property of men or mistreat them. The same respect, independence, and opportunities for jobs, education, and civic participation are also accorded to women in Islam. They are entitled to possess property, run businesses, and contribute to society. People frequently misunderstand why Muslim women must cover their heads. It is a matter of taste and modesty rather than being a reflection of oppression. The hijab is worn voluntarily by women who perceive it as a method to uphold their self-respect and express their religious convictions. Moreover, Islam also emphasizes the need for respect and love between spouses and forbids all sorts of violence and cruelty, including domestic abuse.

Women in Islamic History:

In Islamic history, women have played key roles and contributed significantly to a variety of professions. Aisha (R.A), the wife of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), stands out as a notable person known for her intelligence and leadership abilities. She took an active role in societal and governmental matters, which helped her become a significant character in the early history of Islam. Fatima al-Fihri, who established the oldest continuously operating institution in the world, the institution of Al Quaraouiyine in Morocco, in the ninth century, is another role model. She emphasized the value of education and gave people of all genders, the chance to seek education. In addition, the poetess and scholar Rabi’a al-Adawiyya was notable for her devotion to Allah and her teachings on spirituality. These women, among many others, shattered stereotypes and questioned conventional gender roles, leaving a lasting impression on Islamic history.


In conclusion, there are many misconceptions and exaggerations about the place of women in Islam. Islam accords women’s rights and advantages that were unheard of in other societies during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), while also recognizing the role of women in society. Islam grants women the right to education, employment, property ownership, and participation in social and political affairs. Moreover, It is undeniable that women have made major contributions to Islamic civilization throughout Islamic history. It’s time for us to dispel myths and misconceptions about the treatment of women in Islam and acknowledge the significant contributions they make to society.

—– Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) —–

What does the Quran say about the role of women?

The Quran emphasizes the essential equality of people of all genders in various aspects of life. Women are granted rights, dignity, and responsibilities. They are encouraged to seek knowledge, participate in society, and contribute to their families well-being. The Quran promotes mutual respect and cooperation between people of all genders, highlighting their complementary roles in society.

What does Allah say about women?

Allah, as mentioned in the Quran, views women as valued individuals with distinct roles and responsibilities. In Islam, people consider women equal in their spiritual worth and grant them rights such as education, property ownership, and protection. Allah acknowledges their significance and encourages their participation in building a just and harmonious society.

What are the rights of women in Islam?

In Islam, women have fundamental rights, including the right to education, ownership, inheritance, and protection from exploitation. They have the right to choose their spouse, maintain their identity after marriage, and seek justice. Islam emphasizes fair treatment and respect for women’s autonomy and well-being.

Who are the four important women in Islam?

Four notable women in Islam are Lady Khadijah R.A (the first wife of Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H and a successful businesswoman), Lady Aisha R.A (a scholar and wife of Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H), Lady Fatimah R.A (daughter of Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H and a symbol of righteousness), and Lady Maryam A.S (Mary, the mother of Prophet Jesus (Esa) A.S). In Islamic history, these women hold significant importance, and people admire them for their contributions and devotion.

What is the role of women in Pakistani society?

In Pakistani society, women play diverse roles. They actively participate in various fields, including education, healthcare, politics, and the workforce. However, societal norms and challenges sometimes restrict their full potential. We are making efforts to empower women through education and awareness, enabling them to become influential contributors to the nation’s progress.

What are the responsibilities of a woman?

The responsibilities of a woman encompass various roles, including being a caring mother, a supportive wife, a responsible daughter, and a contributing member of society. She may also pursue her passions and career while managing household duties, nurturing relationships, and maintaining her own well-being.

What is the most important role of a woman?

The most crucial role of a woman is subjective and varies among individuals. Some may consider motherhood as the most significant role due to its impact on the next generation. Others may highlight a woman’s contribution to society or her personal growth and achievements. All roles a woman takes on are essential and deserving of respect.

What are the three responsibilities of a woman?

Three common responsibilities of women include nurturing and caring for their families, contributing to their communities, and striving for personal growth and fulfillment. However, these responsibilities may differ based on cultural, social, and individual contexts.

What are the multiple roles of a woman?

Women can assume numerous roles simultaneously or at different stages of life. Some roles include being a daughter, sister, wife, mother, professional, educator, caregiver, and community leader. A woman’s ability to fulfill these roles often contributes to the progress and well-being of society as a whole.