Muslim Holidays: Eid ul-Fitr and Adha, Maylad un-Nabi, and Ashura

Muslim holidays, which include a variety of customs and rituals with profoundly religious overtones, are an essential component of Islamic culture. Muslims can connect with their religion over these holidays, reflect on their spiritual development, and unite as a community. Each festival has its own distinctive rituals and practices, from the joyful celebrations of Eid ul-Fitr, which mark the conclusion of Ramadan, to the solemn commemoration of Ashura, which honors significant occasions in Islamic history. These occasions not only deepen Muslims’ ties to their Creator but also promote peace, compassion, and goodwill among Muslims all around the world.

During Muslim holidays, friends and family get together to share meals, give and receive gifts, and perform charitable deeds. Mosques develop into active places of worship where worshippers give prayers and supplications. As religious leaders deliver speeches and explain the meaning of the holiday’s activities, these celebrations also give Muslims a chance to further their understanding of their religion. Muslim holidays also encourage people to reflect on their lives and grow as people, to ask Allah for forgiveness, to deepen their relationship with Him, and to show love and generosity to others. In the end, the Muslim community’s principles of love, compassion, and devotion are strengthened throughout this season of spiritual rebirth.

Eid ul-Fitr: Celebrating the End of Ramadan

The “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” commonly known as Eid ul-Fitr, is one of the most happy and frequently observed Muslim holidays. Ramadan, the holy month of fasting and reflection, has come to a conclusion. Muslims from all over the world unite to commemorate this unique occasion and give thanks to Allah for their fortitude and endurance during the month-long fast. Families and friends get together for feasts, gift-exchanging, and charitable activities during Eid ul-Fitr. Mosques are crowded with believers who say special prayers, asking for forgiveness and blessings. People hug and greet one another with warm wishes of “Eid Mubarak,” or “Blessed Eid,” creating a loving, joyful, and unifying atmosphere.

Eid al-Fitr

Families and friends continue to visit one another throughout the day, exchanging delectable meals and sweet gifts. The preparation and service of special foods like sheer khurma, samosas, and biryani are done with care. During Eid ul-Fitr, it is also customary to give and receive gifts, signifying generosity and enhancing ties within the community. Children enjoy the excitement of getting “Eidi,” tiny financial gifts given by elders as a gesture of blessings, and the streets are decorated with colorful decorations. Overall, Muslims get together to celebrate the completion of Ramadan and the blessings obtained throughout the holy month of Sha’ban on Eid ul-Fitr, which is a time of great joy, harmony, and appreciation.

Eid ul-Adha: Honoring the Sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (A.S)

The Muslim holiday of Eid ul-Adha commemorates Prophet Ibrahim’s (A.S) sacrifice. This occasion is observed by Muslims all around the world with tremendous reverence and devotion. Families come together during this time to remember Prophet Ibrahim’s (A.S) readiness to offer his son as a sacrifice in response to Allah’s instruction. The narrative describes how Allah intervened at the last minute and changed Prophet Ibrahim’s son into a ram, emphasizing the value of faith and obedience. Muslims engage in many customs and rituals on the day of Eid ul-Adha. They start off by going to congregational prayers at the mosque, where the imam preaches about the values of commitment, compassion, and sacrifice. In order to share blessings and show thanks, families carry out charitable deeds after the prayers by giving food and gifts to the less fortunate.

On this day, Muslims perform a sacrifice of an animal, typically a sheep, cow, or goat, to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s supreme act of submission. After the sacrifice, they divide the flesh from the animal into three portions: one for the family, one to be shared with friends and family, and the third portion for those in need. Eid ul-Adha serves as a reminder to the Muslim community about the significance of sacrifice, faith, and kindness. It promotes harmony and fortifies ties between members of the same family and the larger community. This joyful festival honors an old tale while inspiring people to think on the sacrifices and submission to Allah‘s will they have made in the past. By adhering to these customs, Muslims want to exemplify the principles set forth by Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) and to celebrate Eid ul-Adha with humility, thanksgiving, and love for one another.

Maylad un-Nabi: Commemorating the Birth of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Maylad un-Nabi honors the birth of Islam’s founder, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Muslims around the world celebrate this day with tremendous reverence and joy. They congregate in mosques and private residences to offer prayers, take part in religious discussions, and show their admiration and awe for the Prophet (PBUH). Muslims frequently organize processions, share meals, and distribute sweets to celebrate the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Muslims have the chance to gain a deeper understanding of the teachings and life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) during Maylad un-Nabi celebrations. It is an appropriate opportunity to consider his admirable traits and the contribution he made to the development of Islamic civilization. His devotees describe his kindness, discernment, and commitment to preaching the Islamic message.

Mawlad al-Nab
Maylad un-Nab

The day inspires followers to imitate the Prophet’s (PBUH) values and work towards improving their own lives and society as a whole through spiritual reflection. In the Muslim world, the observance of Maylad un-Nabi is not consistent or uniform. Based on cultural traditions and regional norms, customs and practices can differ. While some groups hold calm meetings for the reciting of poetry and religious hymns, others organize public processions with colorful banners, drumming, and singing. Despite these variations, the appreciation for Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) birth and the global togetherness it fosters are present in all ceremonies as a unifying theme. As Muslims strive to emulate the Prophet (PBUH), Maylad un-Nabi serves as a time of inspiration, encouraging love, compassion, and the pursuit of knowledge.

Ashura: Remembering Historical Events and Spiritual Significance

Ashura is an important Muslim holiday that celebrates historical occurrences and has profound spiritual importance. Muslims observe the 10th of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar, as this day. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Imam Hussein (R.A), died at the Battle of Karbala. Muslims seek spiritual reflection and refreshment via fasting and prayer in remembrance of the sacrifices made by these honored individuals. The historical significance of Ashura centers on fighting injustice and oppression. Imam Hussein’s (R.A) defiance of Yazid’s tyrannical tyranny serves as a reminder of the value of standing up for truth and justice. The sad martyrdom of Imam Hussein and the deaths of his devoted friends motivate Muslims to uphold the principles of bravery, integrity, and unflinching commitment to Allah’s commandments.


On Ashura, Muslims take part in processions, chant elegies, and perform charitable deeds to show their support for Imam Hussein’s (R.A) memory and to reaffirm their dedication to justice and compassion. The importance Ashura places on introspection, confession, and reaffirming one’s faith is what gives it its spiritual value. Muslims fast not just to observe special occasions but also to seek spiritual advancement and cleansing. The day serves as a reminder of the transient nature of materialistic goals and the significance of placing an emphasis on the enduring benefits of the Hereafter. It challenges believers to reflect on their behavior, ask for pardon for transgressions, and deepen their relationship with Allah. Muslims aspire to achieve spiritual elevation and get closer to the teachings and examples of the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and his noble family by performing deeds of kindness, generosity, and increasing devotion.


Muslim holidays are a testament to the rich cultural heritage and spiritual depth of the Islamic faith. From the joyous celebrations of Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha to the commemoration of Prophet Muhammad’s (P.B.U.H) birth during Maylad un-Nabi as well Ashura, scarification of Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A). These holidays foster a sense of unity, compassion, and devotion among Muslims worldwide.

As we embrace diversity and seek to understand one another, it is essential to appreciate the beauty and significance of different religious celebrations. Muslim holidays provide an opportunity for people of all backgrounds to come together, share in the joyous moments, and learn from one another’s traditions.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

1. What do Muslims do for holidays?

Muslims celebrate holidays by engaging in various religious and cultural practices. They gather for communal prayers, engage in fasting, perform acts of charity, visit family and friends, exchange gifts, and partake in festive meals. The specific activities may vary depending on the holiday and cultural traditions.

2. What is the most important holiday for Muslims?

The most important holiday for Muslims is Eid ul-Fitr. It marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. Muslims come together for special prayers, express gratitude to Allah, share meals with loved ones, and engage in acts of charity. Eid ul-Fitr is a joyous occasion that celebrates the spiritual achievements and self-discipline during Ramadan.

3. What is the first Muslim holiday?

The first Muslim holiday is Eid ul-Fitr. It falls on the first day of Shawwal, immediately after the month of Ramadan. Muslims around the world observe this day to celebrate the successful completion of the month-long fasting and devotion to Allah.

4. What holidays do Islam not celebrate?

Islam does not celebrate holidays that are associated with other religious or cultural practices, such as Christmas, Easter, Diwali, or Hanukkah. Islamic holidays are based on specific events and teachings within the Islamic faith, and the focus remains on Allah and the Prophet Muhammad.

5. What are the two most important holidays in Islam?

The two most important holidays in Islam are Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. Eid ul-Fitr celebrates the end of Ramadan, while Eid ul-Adha commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah. Both holidays hold immense religious and cultural significance for Muslims worldwide.

6. Why do Muslims not believe in holidays?

Muslims do believe in holidays, but their perspective on holidays differs from other religious traditions. Islam emphasizes the concept of worshiping Allah consistently throughout the year rather than dedicating specific days for celebration. Muslims prioritize spiritual devotion, following the teachings of the Quran and the Prophet Muhammad, rather than the observance of secular or non-Islamic holidays.

7. How many Muslim holidays are there?

In Islam, there are two major holidays: Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. Additionally, Muslims also celebrate other occasions such as Maylad un-Nabi (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)’s birthday) and Ashura (commemorating significant events). However, the exact number of holidays may vary depending on cultural practices and regional traditions.

8. Why are holidays important in religion?

Holidays are important in religion as they provide dedicated times for believers to come together, deepen their spiritual connection, reinforce religious teachings, and celebrate significant events. They foster a sense of community, gratitude, and reflection, allowing individuals to strengthen their faith, express devotion, and pass down traditions to future generations.

9. What religion believes in no holidays?

The Islamic faith does not have a specific holiday or festival that encompasses all religious traditions and practices of other faiths. However, Islam has its own set of holidays and observances based on Islamic teachings and historical events. Therefore, it can be said that Islam does not incorporate or celebrate holidays from other religions within its own religious framework.

10. Why Eid is celebrated?

Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting and introspection, is marked by the celebration of Eid. It is a happy opportunity to thank Allah for the blessings and strength obtained during Ramadan. Muslims assemble for group prayers, joyous dinners, and gift-exchanging. Eid is a holiday that honors the spiritual development attained during Ramadan and is used to strengthen ties within families and communities. It is a time to celebrate unity, faith, and recommitting to leading a good life.

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