Islamic Perspective on Environmentalism and Sustainability

Environmentalism and sustainability have become significant global concerns in recent times. While many people around the world may view these issues as modern-day concerns, they are not new concepts in Islam. Islamic teachings and practices have long emphasized the importance of preserving and protecting the environment.

In this article, we will explore the Islamic perspective on environmentalism and sustainability. We will examine the concept of stewardship in Islam, the Islamic view of nature and creation, environmental ethics in Islam, Islamic teachings on conservation and sustainability, and the role of Muslims in the Islamic perspective on environmentalism and sustainability.

Islamic Perspective on Environmentalism and Sustainability:

The guardianship of the Earth and its resources is emphasized in the Islamic stance on ecology and sustainability. Muslims hold the view that Allah (God) created the Earth and placed it in the trust (amanah) of humanity. They have a responsibility to safeguard the environment for coming generations. Islamic teachings support the idea of sustainable development, which holds that achieving economic success shouldn’t come at the expense of deteriorating the environment. Additionally, Muslims are urged to limit their intake and refrain from waste.

The Quran, the holy book of Islam, contains numerous verses that emphasize the importance of environmental protection. For example, in Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 60, it is stated, “And when it is said to them, ‘Do not cause corruption on the earth,’ they say, ‘We are but reformers.”The Quran and Hadith (the sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad) stress the significance of preserving biodiversity, preventing pollution, and keeping the natural world in balance. Muslims are urged to take care of animals, cultivate plants, and save water. Islam encourages believers to behave ethically and responsibly towards the environment, to be aware of their ecological footprint, and to take care of the planet.

Islam and Environmentalism:

Environmentalism is a movement that seeks to protect the natural world from the harmful effects of human activities. It aims to promote sustainable practices that will ensure the long-term survival of the planet.

Islamic environmentalism is a subset of this movement, which is based on Islamic teachings and practices. It is an approach that seeks to promote sustainable development while respecting the religious and cultural values of Muslim communities.

The Concept of Stewardship in Islam:

Islam places a strong emphasis on the idea of people acting as responsible stewards of the planet and its resources. Muslims hold that they have been given the duty of protecting and sustaining the environment for future generations by Allah (God). They are exhorted to take on the role of trustees and make responsible use of the planet’s resources by abstaining from waste and excessive consumption. Muslims are obligated to practice restraint, harmony, and balance with the natural world. This entails protecting wildlife and flora, preserving water, and reducing pollution. Additionally, Islam views stewardship as both a religious mandate and a moral and ethical responsibility to preserve and safeguard the natural world for the good of all creation.

The Islamic View of Nature and Creation:

The divine origin and purpose of the natural world are emphasized in the Islamic perspective on nature and creation. Muslims hold that Allah (God) is ultimately responsible for creating and maintaining everything. They view nature as an illustration of the might, intelligence, and beauty of Allah. Muslims are encouraged to examine and appreciate the natural world. It serves as a means to gain a deeper understanding of Allah’s qualities. Additionally, they are also told to protect the environment because it is thought to be a gift from Allah to people. Muslims believe in treating all living things with respect and compassion. Because they recognize that every living being has a role in the greater plan of creation. Moreover, the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) offer guidance on protecting the environment. They emphasize the importance of practicing good earth stewardship.

Environmental Ethics in Islam:

Islamic environmentalism places a strong emphasis on environmental principles. Muslims are commanded by Islamic teachings to respect nature and abstain from behaviors that endanger it.

The Quran contains numerous verses that emphasize the importance of environmental protection. For example, in Surah Al-An’am, verse 141, it is stated, “It is He who has made you successors (khalifa) upon the earth. So whoever disbelieves – upon him will be [the consequence of] his disbelief. And the disbelief of the disbelievers does not increase them in the sight of their Lord except in hatred the disbelief of the disbelievers does not increase them except in loss.

This passage emphasizes the Islamic viewpoint. According to this perspective, as the caretakers of the Earth, we must use its resources sustainably and responsibly. Additionally, encourage Muslims to adopt a lifestyle that will reduce their environmental effect and prevent waste.

Islamic Teachings on Conservation and Sustainability:

Islam teaches its followers to conserve and sustain the environment. Teachings in Islam require Muslims to respect the natural world and use its resources in a responsible manner. Additionally, the Quran contains numerous verses that emphasize the importance of conservation and sustainability.

For example, in Surah Al-Qasas, verse 77, it is stated, “And seek, [O Muhammad], through that which Allah has given you the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.

This verse emphasizes the significance of striking a balance. It emphasizes the balance between our pursuit of the hereafter and our obligations to the natural world. Moreover, Muslims are instructed by Islamic scholars to practice sustainable resource usage and abstain from excess and waste.

Role of Muslims in Environmental Protection:

Muslims actively participate in and uphold Islamic teachings, which contribute significantly to environmental protection. They carry out their duty as stewards of the planet by partaking in a variety of eco-friendly activities. Muslims support environmental preservation by promoting the wise use of resources like water and forests. Muslims place a strong emphasis on maintaining order and managing trash. They actively take part in recycling initiatives and strive to lower their carbon footprint. Muslims also plant trees and maintain green spaces in keeping with the Islamic idea of “khalifa,”. Moreover, It promotes the preservation and improvement of the environment. Additionally, Muslim people demonstrate their dedication to environmental sustainability by implementing these practices into their daily lives. They strive to conserve the world for future generations.


In conclusion, Islam has a unique perspective on environmentalism and sustainability. Allah has given Muslims a sacred trust to view the natural world. Additionally, Muslims play a significant role in environmental protection by actively encouraging responsible and sustainable use of resources within their communities. They also emphasize the importance of avoiding wastefulness and excess, urging others to adopt these principles as well.

Islamic environmentalism is an approach that promotes sustainable development. It respects the religious and cultural values of Muslim communities. Moreover, Muslims have an important role to play in environmental protection, and they can contribute to this cause by adopting sustainable practices and supporting initiatives that promote environmental conservation.

—– Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) —–

What does Islam say about sustainability?

Islam emphasizes sustainability by teaching the responsible use of resources, avoiding waste, and caring for nature. The concept of “Amanah” (stewardship) highlights human responsibility towards the Earth.

Is there an Islamic environmentalism?

Yes, Islamic environmentalism exists. The teachings stress the interdependence of all living beings and the obligation to protect and preserve the environment as part of faith.

What is the Islamic approach to protecting and preserving the environment?

Islam promotes environmental protection through sustainable practices, prohibiting harm to nature, and fostering a balanced ecosystem. Encouraging Muslims to be stewards, conserving resources for future generations.

What is the responsibility of Islam towards the environment?

Islam assigns believers the duty of responsible stewardship, obliging them to safeguard the environment, conserve resources, and avoid actions that harm nature.

Which Quranic verses address sustainability?

Quranic verses like 30:41 and 7:31 emphasize God’s creation and urge humans not to waste resources, reflecting Islam’s stance on sustainability and responsible resource management.

What is the concept of sustainable development in Islam?

Sustainable development in Islam involves balanced progress that meets current needs without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs. It encompasses economic, social, and environmental dimensions.

Why is environmental awareness important in Islam?

Environmental awareness aligns with Islamic principles of stewardship and accountability. It reinforces the duty to protect nature, ensuring a harmonious coexistence between humans and the environment.

Which religion is most environmentally friendly?

Many religions emphasize environmental stewardship, but Jainism stands out as one of the most environmentally friendly due to its strict principles of non-violence and respect for all forms of life.

What is the definition of environmentalism?

Environmentalism is a movement advocating for the protection and preservation of the natural world from degradation, pollution, and exploitation, and promoting sustainable practices to ensure a healthy planet.

What are the main points of environmentalism?

Environmentalism centers around raising awareness about ecological issues, promoting the conservation of biodiversity, advocating for sustainable resource management, and encouraging responsible actions to reduce environmental harm.

3 thoughts on “Islamic Perspective on Environmentalism and Sustainability

  • Lawson Kerr

    Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I to find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I’m hoping to give one thing again and help others such as you helped me.

  • Derek Coates

    Whats rough now is how the programmed look to ones life is not changed. This may sound confusing? It’s almost as if we blitz through our lives with blinders on, not accepting the true meaning of our own existence.

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