Concept of Tawheed: Monotheism in Islam

The concept of Tawheed, or monotheism, is at the very heart of Islam. Tawheed is the belief in the oneness of God, and it is the foundation of the Islamic faith. In this article, we will explore the Islamic concept of Tawheed in depth, examining its different aspects and implications.

What is Tawheed?

The Arabic word ‘Wahid,’ which means ‘one,’ gives rise to the concept of Tawheed in Islamic theology. Tawheed refers to the idea of Allah’s unity. The underlying conviction is that Allah is the only deity deserving of worship. The concept of Tawheed includes the conviction that Allah’s characteristics are all one, that He is supreme, and that He alone is worthy of worship. Muslims declare that Tawheed is the core of their faith, recognizing Allah as the sole God and rejecting all other deities. This viewpoint emphasizes Islam’s monotheistic nature while rejecting polytheism. Furthermore, Tawheed also directs Muslims in their love and surrender to Allah because it recognizes His indisputable authority and the importance of doing what He says. To create a solid relationship with Allah and live a moral life, Muslims must comprehend and practice Tawheed.

The Importance of Tawheed in Islam:

In Islam, the idea of Tawheed—the unity of Allah—is of utmost importance. It serves as the cornerstone of the faith, highlighting the conviction that Allah is individual and unique. A Muslim’s life exhibits the importance of Tawheed in numerous ways. First and foremost, it cultivates a spirit of adoration and surrender to Allah, inspiring believers to worship Him alone and seek His guidance. As it eliminates distinctions based on race, ethnicity, or social class and emphasizes the equality of all believers in Allah’s eyes, Tawheed also fosters solidarity within the Muslim community. People can deepen their understanding of Allah’s attributes and the divine design while also strengthening their spiritual connection to their Creator by learning and practicing Tawheed. Overall, Tawheed is an integral concept that shapes a Muslim’s beliefs, actions, and worldview.

The Three Aspects of Tawheed:

Tawheed divides into three aspects or categories, each of which represents a different aspect of the oneness of God.

1. Tawheed al-Rububiyyah (Oneness of Lordship):

The Oneness of Lordship, or Tawheed al-Rububiyyah, holds that there is only one real Lord and Creator of the cosmos. This idea emphasizes the conviction that Allah alone is completely sovereign and in complete control of every facet of existence. He is the only one who can sustain the cosmos and control it. The faithful acknowledge that everything in the heavens and on earth is under His rule and that He is the sole exerciser of this omnipotent power. Tawheed al-Rububiyyah serves as a reminder of Allah’s unquestionable authority and divine rule, emphasizing the value of relying on His direction and pleading for His mercy and forgiveness. Believers work to forge a close bond with their Creator and acknowledge His unrivaled authority in every area of their lives through this conviction in the Oneness of Lordship.

2. Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah (Oneness of Worship):

Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah, commonly known as the Oneness of Worship, forms the foundation of Islam. It emphasizes the idea that Allah is the only genuine God, and only He deserves our adoration and love. Muslims truly believe that it is a serious sin to worship anyone or anything other than Allah. According to this principle, worshippers must devote all of their attention, including prayer, supplication, and obedience, completely toward Allah. It demands acknowledging Allah’s unquestionable sovereignty and total control over all of creation. By refraining from idolatry, polytheism, and the worship of saints or intermediaries, Muslims work to uphold this unity of worship. Furthermore, Muslims who follow Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah cultivate a close relationship with their Creator, seek His guidance, and make an effort to live good lives and obey Allah’s laws.

3. Tawheed al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat (Oneness of God’s Names and Attributes):

The Oneness of God’s Names and Attributes, or Tawheed al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat, is a cornerstone of Islamic theology. The argument makes the notion that all of Allah’s attributes belong only to Him and cannot be compared to any of His creations. Muslims hold that the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad are how Allah revealed His name and characteristics. By highlighting Allah’s unity and uniqueness, this idea affirms His unquestionable excellence and transcendence. Additionally, it protects against any anthropomorphism or ascribed human traits to Allah. Moreover, in order to strengthen their relationship with Allah and to ask for His mercy and guidance, believers are urged to comprehend and consider Allah’s names and characteristics. Additionally, Muslims work to create a real and pure relationship with their Creator by acknowledging and embracing Tawheed al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat.

The Implications of Tawheed:

Belief in Tawheed has numerous implications for the life of a Muslim. Some of the most significant implications are:

1. Unity and Brotherhood:

The belief in Tawheed promotes unity and brotherhood among Muslims. God views all Muslims as equals since they all have the same view of God as being one, and as a result, God wants them to treat one another with respect and charity.

2. Submission to God:

Belief in Tawheed requires Muslims to submit themselves to God’s will and to live their lives in accordance with His commands. Implore oneself to please God with one’s actions and refrain from those deemed sinful or immoral.

3. Responsibility and Accountability:

Belief in Tawheed also means that Muslims are responsible and accountable for their actions. Since God is the only judge, Muslims should be mindful of their actions and strive to live a life that is just and fair. This also means that they should seek forgiveness for their actions when they make mistakes or commit sins.

4. Trust in God:

Belief in Tawheed requires Muslims to have trust in God and to rely on Him in all aspects of their lives. This means that they should have faith that God will provide for them and protect them and that they should turn to Him for guidance and support.

5. A Sense of Purpose:

Belief in Tawheed gives Muslims a sense of purpose in life. Muslims believe that worshiping and pleasing God is their ultimate goal, and they should guide their actions based on this belief. Additionally, this gives their lives meaning and direction and helps them to focus on what is truly important.


Concept of Tawheed: Monotheism in Islam is the fundamental concept of Islam, representing the belief in the oneness of God. It is the basis of all Islamic beliefs and practices, and it has numerous implications for the life of a Muslim. By exploring the different aspects and implications of Tawheed, we can gain a deeper understanding of the Islamic faith and the role it plays in the lives of Muslims.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are the five hadith on Tawheed?

Ans: The five hadith on Tawheed are as follows:

1: “Whoever dies while associating partners with Allah will enter the Hellfire.”

2: “The most beloved statement to Allah is ‘La ilaha ill Allah (There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah).”

3: “The Prophet Muhammad said, ‘Allah, the Exalted, says: I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus, whoever does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.'”

Hadith 4: “The Prophet Muhammad said, ‘The best of the people is my generation, then those who follow them, and then those who follow them. Then there will come people whose witness will precede their oaths, and their oaths will precede their witness.'”

Hadith 5: “The Prophet Muhammad said, ‘Whoever dies knowing that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah will enter Paradise.'”

2. What is Tawheed and its importance?

Ans: Tawheed is the Islamic concept of the oneness of Allah, the belief in the uniqueness and singularity of God. It is the fundamental principle of Islam that emphasizes the unity of Allah in His lordship, worship, and attributes. Tawheed is of utmost importance because it forms the foundation of the Islamic faith and shapes a Muslim’s understanding of Allah’s sovereignty, devotion, and divine attributes. It directs Muslims to worship and submit to Allah alone, recognizing Him as the Creator, Sustainer, and the ultimate source of guidance and mercy.

3. Why is Tawheed the core of Islam?

Ans: Tawheed is the core of Islam because it encapsulates the essence of the Islamic belief system. It establishes the oneness and uniqueness of Allah as the only true deity, excluding any form of association or partnership with Him. Tawheed serves as the basis for all Islamic teachings, practices, and values, emphasizing absolute devotion and obedience to Allah alone. It provides Muslims with a clear understanding of monotheism, the purpose of existence, and the proper relationship between the Creator and His creation.

4. What does the Quran say about Tawhid?

Ans: The Quran mentions Tawheed in various verses, affirming the concept of Allah’s oneness and the importance of monotheistic belief. One example is Surah Al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112), which directly addresses the concept of Tawheed. It states, “Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, nor is there to Him any equivalent.” (Quran 112:1-4) This verse emphasizes the unity of Allah, His eternal nature, and His uniqueness, rejecting any notion of partners or offspring. Throughout the Quran, numerous other verses also emphasize the oneness of Allah and warn against associating partners with Him.

5. What is the belief of Tawhid?

Ans: The belief of Tawheed is centered on the recognition and affirmation of the oneness and uniqueness of Allah. It entails acknowledging that Allah is the only true God, deserving of worship, and that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. Tawheed encompasses three aspects: a. Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah: It acknowledges Allah as the sole Creator, Sustainer, and Lord of the universe, with absolute control over all affairs. b. Furthermore, Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah: Recognizes that Allah alone deserves worship and that no other entity, whether human or inanimate, should be worshipped. c. Tawheed al-Asma’ wa as-Sifat: It affirms the belief in Allah’s unique names and attributes, understanding that Allah possesses perfect attributes that are distinct from His creation.

6. Is Tawhid a pillar?

Ans: No, Tawhid is not considered one of the five pillars of Islam. The five pillars of Islam are Shahada (the declaration of faith), Salah (prayer), Zakah (charity), Sawm (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). Tawhid, although fundamental to Islamic belief, is not listed as one of the specific pillars.

7. What are the types of Tawhid?

Ans: Tawhid is categorized into three types: a. Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah: It refers to the oneness of Allah in His lordship and sovereignty, recognizing that Allah is the sole Creator, Provider, and Sustainer of the universe. b. Moreover, Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah: It denotes the oneness of Allah in terms of worship, affirming that all acts of worship should be directed exclusively to Allah, without associating partners with Him. c. Tawheed al-Asma’ wa as-Sifat: It encompasses the oneness of Allah’s names and attributes, acknowledging that Allah has unique and perfect attributes that cannot be compared to anything in His creation.

8. Is Tawhid one of the five pillars?

Ans: No, Tawhid is not one of the five pillars of Islam. The five pillars are Shahada (the declaration of faith), Salah (prayer), Zakah (charity), Sawm (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). Tawhid, while essential to Islamic belief, is not included among the specific pillars of Islam.